Integrated Circuits and Systems group, IIT Madras

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courses:ee2019_2020qk:start [2020/03/14 19:47]
qkhan [Lectures]
courses:ee2019_2020qk:start [2020/04/06 14:51] (current)
qkhan [Recorded Lectures]
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-====== EE2019: Analog Systems and Lab (Jan-May ​2019) ======+====== EE2019: Analog Systems and Lab (Jan-May ​2020) ======
 These lectures are available on the web for the benefit of students at IIT Madras and elsewhere. Copyrights to these rest solely with the instructor and IIT Madras. Copying them, publishing them, rehosting them on other servers, or using them for any sort of commercial gain is prohibited. ​ These lectures are available on the web for the benefit of students at IIT Madras and elsewhere. Copyrights to these rest solely with the instructor and IIT Madras. Copying them, publishing them, rehosting them on other servers, or using them for any sort of commercial gain is prohibited. ​
  
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 Course syllabus, schedule, and assignments can be seen [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​courses/​ee2019_2020/​start|here]]. ​ If you wish to download these lectures for offline viewing, you may have to disable the player plugin on your browser. Course syllabus, schedule, and assignments can be seen [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​courses/​ee2019_2020/​start|here]]. ​ If you wish to download these lectures for offline viewing, you may have to disable the player plugin on your browser.
  
-==== Lectures ==== +===== Recorded ​Lectures ​===== 
-  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​~ssaxena/​EE2019_Jan2020/​Introduction.pdf|Introduction]] +  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​~ssaxena/​EE2019_Jan2020/​Introduction.pdf|Introduction]] 
-  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​~ssaxena/​EE2019_Jan2020/​01162020.mp4|Lecture#1]]([[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​~ssaxena/​EE2019_Jan2020/​01162020.pdf|pdf]]):​ Voltage/​Current Controlled Sources - from Dr. Saurabh Saxena +  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​~ssaxena/​EE2019_Jan2020/​01162020.mp4|Lecture-1]]([[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​~ssaxena/​EE2019_Jan2020/​01162020.pdf|pdf]]):​ Voltage/​Current Controlled Sources - from Dr. Saurabh Saxena 
-  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​~ssaxena/​EE2019_Jan2020/​01172020.mp4|Lecture#2]]([[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​~ssaxena/​EE2019_Jan2020/​01172020.pdf|pdf]]):​ Power gain, Non-linear system, Linear input-to-output control - from Dr. Saurabh Saxena +  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​~ssaxena/​EE2019_Jan2020/​01172020.mp4|Lecture-2]]([[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​~ssaxena/​EE2019_Jan2020/​01172020.pdf|pdf]]):​ Power gain, Non-linear system, Linear input-to-output control - from Dr. Saurabh Saxena 
-  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​~ssaxena/​EE2019_Jan2020/​01212020.mp4|Lecture#3]]([[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​~ssaxena/​EE2019_Jan2020/​01212020.pdf|pdf]]):​ Power gain, Non-linear system, Linear input-to-output control (contd.) - from Dr. Saurabh Saxena +  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​~ssaxena/​EE2019_Jan2020/​01212020.mp4|Lecture-3]]([[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​~ssaxena/​EE2019_Jan2020/​01212020.pdf|pdf]]):​ Power gain, Non-linear system, Linear input-to-output control (contd.) - from Dr. Saurabh Saxena 
-  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200122.mp4|2020-01-22]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200122.pdf|(pdf)]] : Power gain, MOSFET and BJT as VCCS, VCVS using VCCS, negative feedback system +  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200122.mp4|Lecture-4]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200122.pdf|(pdf)]] : Power gain, MOSFET and BJT as VCCS, VCVS using VCCS, negative feedback system 
-   -  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200123.mp4|2020-01-23]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200123.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Integrator, using integrator in a negative feedback system, constant gain amplifier using integrator +  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200123.mp4|Lecture-5]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200123.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Integrator, using integrator in a negative feedback system, constant gain amplifier using integrator 
-   -  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200124.mp4|2020-01-24]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200124.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Transfer function and frequency response of a negative feedback system with integrator +  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200124.mp4|Lecture-6]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200124.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Transfer function and frequency response of a negative feedback system with integrator 
-   -  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200128.mp4|2020-01-28]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200128.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Ideal vs. Real integrator, error due to finite gain of integrator, VCCS as operational amplifier (op-amp), inverting and non-inverting amplifiers using op-amp +  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200128.mp4|Lecture-7]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200128.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Ideal vs. Real integrator, error due to finite gain of integrator, VCCS as operational amplifier (op-amp), inverting and non-inverting amplifiers using op-amp 
-   -  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200129.mp4|2020-01-29]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200129.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ op-amp RC integrator, first order LPF and HPF using op-amp, supply limited op-amp, using op-amp as comparator +  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200129.mp4|Lecture-8]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200129.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ op-amp RC integrator, first order LPF and HPF using op-amp, supply limited op-amp, using op-amp as comparator 
-   -  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200130.mp4|2020-01-30]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200130.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Realizing schmitt trigger or hysteretic comparator using op-amp in positive feedback +  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200130.mp4|Lecture-9]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200130.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Realizing schmitt trigger or hysteretic comparator using op-amp in positive feedback 
-   -  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200131.mp4|2020-01-31]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200131.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Schmitt trigger (contd.), oscillator or triangular wave generator using schmitt trigger and integrator +  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200131.mp4|Lecture-10]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200131.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Schmitt trigger (contd.), oscillator or triangular wave generator using schmitt trigger and integrator 
-   -  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200204.mp4|2020-02-04]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200204.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Properties of operational amplifier, offset, error due to finite gain of op-amp, dc biasing of signals +  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200204.mp4|Lecture-11]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200204.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Properties of operational amplifier, offset, error due to finite gain of op-amp, dc biasing of signals 
-   -  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200205.mp4|2020-02-05]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200205.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Determining the sign of op-amp inputs for negative feedback +  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200205.mp4|Lecture-12]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200205.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Determining the sign of op-amp inputs for negative feedback 
-  ​-  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200207.mp4|2020-02-07]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200207.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ AC coupling and shifting dc level of signals +  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200207.mp4|Lecture-13]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200207.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ AC coupling and shifting dc level of signals 
-  ​-  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200211.mp4|2020-02-11]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200211.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ AC coupling and shifting dc level of signals, DC biasing of an inverting amplifier +  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200211.mp4|Lecture-14]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200211.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ AC coupling and shifting dc level of signals, DC biasing of an inverting amplifier 
-  ​-  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200212.mp4|2020-02-12]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200212.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Input and output impedance of a circuit +  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200212.mp4|Lecture-15]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200212.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Input and output impedance of a circuit 
-  ​-  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200214.mp4|2020-02-14]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200214.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Biasing a non-inverting amplifier, pulse width modulation (PWM), different types of PWM +  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200214.mp4|Lecture-16]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200214.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Biasing a non-inverting amplifier, pulse width modulation (PWM), different types of PWM 
-  ​-  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200218.mp4|2020-02-18]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200218.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Extracting DC from PWM using low pass filter, RC vs. LC low pass filter, DC power supply regulator using PWM, introduction to stability +  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200218.mp4|Lecture-17]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200218.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Extracting DC from PWM using low pass filter, RC vs. LC low pass filter, DC power supply regulator using PWM, introduction to stability 
-  ​-  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200219.mp4|2020-02-19]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200219.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Barkhausen criterion for stability, stability of a first order system, loop gain analysis +  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200219.mp4|Lecture-18]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200219.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Barkhausen criterion for stability, stability of a first order system, loop gain analysis 
-  ​-  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200225.mp4|2020-02-25]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200225.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Second order system ( 2-stage op-map) +  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200225.mp4|Lecture-19]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200225.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Second order system ( 2-stage op-map) 
-  ​-  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200228.mp4|2020-02-28]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200228.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Stability of a 2nd order system, loop gain poles vs closed loop poles, relationship between closed loop damping factor and loop gain poles, effect of damping factor on transient (impulse or step) response +  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200228.mp4|Lecture-20]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200228.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Stability of a 2nd order system, loop gain poles vs closed loop poles, relationship between closed loop damping factor and loop gain poles, effect of damping factor on transient (impulse or step) response 
-  ​-  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200303.mp4|2020-03-03]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200303.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Relationship between closed loop damping factor and loop gain phase margin +  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200303.mp4|Lecture-21]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200303.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Relationship between closed loop damping factor and loop gain phase margin 
-  ​-  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200304.mp4|2020-03-04]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200304.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Stabilizing or compensating a 2-stage op-amp (2nd order system), dominant pole compensation +  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200304.mp4|Lecture-22]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200304.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Stabilizing or compensating a 2-stage op-amp (2nd order system), dominant pole compensation 
-  ​ ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200305.mp4|2020-03-05]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200305.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Dominant pole compensation of a 2nd order system by adding a 3rd pole +  ​ ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200305.mp4|Lecture-23]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200305.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Dominant pole compensation of a 2nd order system by adding a 3rd pole 
-  ​-  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200311.mp4|2020-03-11]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200311.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ RC vs. integral (type-I) compensation,​ using miller effect as capacitance multiplier, miller compensation of 2-stage op-amp +  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200311.mp4|Lecture-24]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200311.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ RC vs. integral (type-I) compensation,​ using miller effect as capacitance multiplier, miller compensation of 2-stage op-amp 
-  ​-  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200312.mp4|2020-03-12]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200312.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Finding poles and zeros in miller compensated op-amp +  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200312.mp4|Lecture-25]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200312.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Finding poles and zeros in miller compensated op-amp 
-  ​-  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200313.mp4|2020-03-13]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200313.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Finding the value of Cc, pole splitting, effect of R.H.P zero in miller compensation,​ pole splitting, effect of R.H.P zero, eliminating R.H.P. zero, converting R.H.P zero to L.H.P. for pole-zero cancellation+  ​[[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200313.mp4|Lecture-26]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2020qk/​200313.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Finding the value of Cc, pole splitting, effect of R.H.P zero in miller compensation,​ pole splitting, effect of R.H.P zero, eliminating R.H.P. zero, converting R.H.P zero to L.H.P. for pole-zero cancellation 
 +**From Lecture-27 onward, there will no classes but online lectures due to lockdown.** 
 +  * [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2019qk/​ee2019_mar6.mp4|Lecture-27]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2019qk/​6mar2019.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Introduction to Voltage Regulators 
 +  * [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2019qk/​ee2019_mar8.mp4|Lecture-28]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2019qk/​8mar2019.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Linear Regulator, Line Regulation, Load Regulation, Load Transient, Efficiency of Linear Regulator 
 +  * [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2019qk/​ee2019_mar13.mp4|Lecture-29]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2019qk/​13mar2019.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Linear Current Regulator, Using Linear Regulator as LED Driver, Switching Regulator, Pulse Width Modulation, Losses in Switching Regulator, Efficiency of Switching Regulator 
 +  * [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2019qk/​ee2019_mar14.mp4|Lecture-30]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2019qk/​14mar2019.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Introduction to Analog Filters, Applications,​ Sampling and Aliasing 
 +  * [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2019qk/​ee2019_mar15.mp4|Lecture-31]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2019qk/​15mar2019.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Types of Filters, 1st Order RC and opamp-RC filter, frequency response vs. filter order 
 +  * [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2019qk/​ee2019_mar20.mp4|Lecture-32]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2019qk/​20mar2019.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Realization of 1st order filter using integrator, second order filter, realization of second order filter using integrator (state variable technique) 
 +  * [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2019qk/​ee2019_mar22.mp4|Lecture-33]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2019qk/​22mar2019.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Realization of second order filter using opamp-RC (Tow Thomas Biquad), introduction to gm-C filter 
 +  * [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2019qk/​ee2019_mar26.mp4|Lecture-34]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2019qk/​26mar2019.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Gm-C filter building blocks (addrer/​subtractor,​ integrator),​ transforming opamp-RC filter into gm-C filter, realizing inductor using gm-C (Gyrator/​Impedance Inverter) 
 +  * [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2019qk/​ee2019_mar27.mp4|Lecture-35]] [[http://​www.ee.iitm.ac.in/​vlsi/​_media/​courses/​ee2019_2019qk/​27mar2019.pdf|(pdf)]]:​ Realizing Gm-C filter using state variable technique, Band Reject Filter (Notch Filter), LDO (Linear Regulator) configurations