Publications

90+ publications till date; 2 journal publications under review

Work at IITM

        Journals

  1. Sahani, A. K.; Joseph, J.; Radhakrishnan, R.; Sivaprakasam, M.; Seshadri, S., "Comparison of measurement of augmentation index from ARTSENS and eTRACKING," To appear in Biomedical Physics & Engineering Express.

  2. Mithun, S.; George, B.; Sivaprakasam, M., "A Novel GMR Based Eddy Current Sensing Probe with Extended Sensing Range," To appear in IEEE Transactions on Magnetics.

  3. Mukherjee, B.; Venkatakrishnan, V.; George, B.; Sivaprakasam, M., " Evaluation of an Ophthalmic Anesthesia Simulation System for Regional Block Training," Ophthalmology, vol. 122, no. 12, pp. 2578-2580

  4. Sahani, A. K.; Joseph, J.; Radhakrishnan, R., Sivaprakasam, M., "Automatic Measurement of End-Diastolic Arterial Lumen Diameter in ARTSENS", To appear in ASME Journal of Medical Devices, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 041002-1-041002-11

  5. Joseph, J.; Radhakrishnan, R., Kusmakar, S.; Thrivikraman, A.; Sivaprakasam, M., "Technical validation of ARTSENS - An image free device for evaluation of vascular stiffness," Accepted for publication in IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine

  6. Sahani, A. K.; Shah, M.; Joseph, J.; Sivaprakasam, M., "Carotid and Jugular Classification in ARTSENS," To appear in IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics, 2015, doi: 10.1109/JBHI.2015.2403283

  7. Sahani, A. K.; Shah, M.; Joseph, J.; Radhakrishnan, R., Sivaprakasam, M., "An Imageless Ultrasound Device to Measure Local and Regional Arterial Stiffness," To appear in IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems, 2015, doi: 10.1109/TBCAS.2015.2394468

  8. Mukherjee, B.; George, B.; Sivaprakasam, M., "A Multi-Electrode Electric Field Based Sensing System for Ophthalmic Anesthesia Training," To appear in IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems, doi: 10.1109/TBCAS.2014.2356205

  9. Mithun, S.; George, B.; Sivaprakasam, M., "A New Inductive Proximity Sensor based Guiding Tool to Locate Metal Shrapnel during Surgery", Instrumentation and Measurement, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 63, no.12, pp. 2940 - 2949, 2014, doi: 10.1109/TIM.2014.2326767

  10. Sahani, A. K.; Joseph, J.; Sivaprakasam, M., "Evaluation of the algorithm for automatic identification of the common carotid artery in ARTSENS", Physiology Measurement, vol. 35, no. 7, pp. 1299-1317, 2014

  11. Mukherjee, B.; George, B.; Sivaprakasam, M., "An Ophthalmic Anesthesia Training System Using Integrated Capacitive and Hall Effect Sensors," Instrumentation and Measurement, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 63, no.5, pp. 1153 - 1162, 2014, doi: 10.1109/TIM.2013.2296413

  12. Conferences

  13. Sundaresan, V.; Ram, K.; Joshi, N.; Sivaprakasam, M., "Adaptive super-candidate based approach for detection and classification of drusen on retinal fundus images,"Second Ophthalmic Medical Image Analysis International Workshop, OMIA 2015, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2015

  14. Ramaswamy, A.; Ram, K.; Joshi, N.; Sivaprakasam, M.; "A polar map based approach using retinal fundus images for glaucoma detection," Second Ophthalmic Medical Image Analysis International Workshop, OMIA 2015, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2015.

  15. Joseph, J.; Nabeel, P.M.; Sivaprakasam, M., "A calibration free method for cuff less evaluation of pulse pressure," To appear in 37th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2015

  16. Joseph, J.; Chowdhury, K.B.; Sivaprakasam, M., "Image based quantitative reader for lateral flow immunofluorescence assay," To appear in 37th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2015

  17. Joseph, J.; Thrivikraman, A.; Radhakrishnan, R., Sivaprakasam, M., "ARTSENSTouch - A Portable Device for Evaluation of Carotid Artery Stiffness," To appear in 37th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2015

  18. Nabeel, P.M.; Joseph, J.; Sivaprakasam, M., "Arterial compliance probe for local blood pulse wave velocity measurement ," To appear in 37th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2015

  19. Sundaresan V., Ram K., Joshi N., Sivaprakasam M., Gandhi R., "Computer-assisted grading of diabetic macular edema on retinal color fundus images," To appear in 37th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2015

  20. Gupta G., Ram K., Kulasekaran S., Joshi N., Sivaprakasam M., Gandhi R., "Computer-assisted identification of proliferative diabetic retinopathy in color retinal images," To appear in 37th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2015

  21. Ganesh, T.; Bhikkaji, B.; Joseph, J.; Sivaprakasam, M., "Sparse Models for determining Arterial Dynamics," To appear in IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP) 2015

  22. Mukherjee, B.; George, B.; Sivaprakasam, M., "Simple Measurement Scheme for Multiple Capacitors and its Application to an Ophthalmic Anesthesia Training System," To appear in IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (I2MTC) 2015

  23. Sakthivel, M.; George, B.; Sivaprakasam, M., "Packaging and evaluation of an online tool for locating metal shrapnel during surgery," Proc. 11th IEEE India Conference, INDICON 2014

  24. Sahani, A. K.; Ravi, V.; Sivaprakasam, M., "Automatic Estimation of Carotid Arterial Pressure in ARTSENS," Proc. 11th IEEE India Conference, INDICON 2014

  25. Sundaresan V., Ram K., Joshi N., Sivaprakasam M., Gandhi R., "Integrated approach for accurate localization of optic disc and macula," In: Chen X, Garvin MK, Liu JJ editors.Proceedings of the Ophthalmic Medical Image Analysis First International Workshop, OMIA 2014, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2014, p. 97-104

  26. Gupta G., Ram K., Kulasekaran S., Joshi N., Sivaprakasam M., Gandhi R., "Detection of retinal hemorrhages in the presence of blood vessels," In: Chen X, Garvin MK, Liu JJ editors. Proceedings of the Ophthalmic Medical Image Analysis First International Workshop, OMIA 2014, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2014, p.105-112

  27. Shah, M.; Joseph, J.; Sivaprakasam, M., "Ultrasound Signal Quality Parameterization for Image-free Evaluation of Arterial Stiffness," Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE

  28. Nair, A; Ramanarayanan, S.; Ahlawat, S; Koushika, S; Joshi, N; Sivaprakasam, M., "Axonal transport velocity estimation from kymographs based on curvilinear feature extraction and spline fitting," Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE

  29. Karthik, S.; Joseph, J.; Sivaprakasam, M., "A Study on the use of PPG in Quantifying Circulatory Disruptions," Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE

  30. Preejith, S.; Joseph, J.; Sivaprakasam, M., "An Ocular Compression Device for Reduction of Elevated Post Anesthetic Intra Ocular Pressure," Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE

  31. Joseph, J.; Arya Sree, T.; Boobalan, C.; Shah, M; Sivaprakasam, M., "Image-free evaluation of carotid artery stiffness using ARTSENS: A repeatability study," Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE

  32. Nabeel, P.M.; Joseph, J.; Sivaprakasam, M., "Magnetic plethysmograph transducers for local pulse wave velocity measurement," Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE

  33. Sahani, A. K.; Shah, M.; Joseph, J.; Sivaprakasam, M., "An Improved Method for Detection of Carotid Walls in ARTSENS," Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE

  34. Mithun, S.; George, B.; Mohanasankar, S.; Jagadeesh, V.K., "Locating Metal Shrapnel in Human Body using GMR sensors," Medical Measurements and Applications (MeMeA), 2014 IEEE International Symposium on, 11- 12 June 2014.

  35. Shah, M; Joseph, J.; Sivaprakasam, M., "Vascular Compliance Probe with Integrated ECG for Imagefree Evaluation of Arterial Stiffness", 2014 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, 1-5 June 2014.

  36. Gaurav, G.; Sivaprakasam, M.; Jagadeesh, V.K., "Apnea Sensing Using Photoplethysmography," Sensing Technology (ICST), 2013 7th IEEE International Conference on, 3-5 Dec. 2013.

  37. Mithun, S.; George, B.; Mohanasankar, S.,"A GMR sensor based guiding tool for location of metal shrapnel during surgery," Sensing Technology (ICST), 2013 7th IEEE International Conference on, 3- 5 Dec. 2013.

  38. Chandrasekhar, A.; Joseph, J.; Sivaprakasam, M., "Local Pulse Wave Velocity Estimation Using Magnetic Plethysmograph," Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2013 35th Annual International Conference of the IEEE, vol., no., pp.2287,2290,1172, 3-7 July 2013.

  39. Sahani, A. K.; Joseph, J.; Sivaprakasam, M., "Automatic measurement of lumen diameter of carotid artery in a-mode ultrasound," Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2013 35th Annual International Conference of the IEEE, vol., no., pp.3873,3876, 3-7 July 2013.

  40. Joseph, J; Thomas, E. A.; Sivaprakasam, M.; Suresh, S., "ARTSENS-An image-free system for non invasive evaluation of arterial compliance," in Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2013 35th Annual International Conference of the IEEE, 2013, pp. 4054-4057, 3-7 July 2013.

  41. Mukherjee, B.; George, B.; Sivaprakasam, M., "Syringe injection rate detector employing a dual hall-effect sensor configuration," Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2013 Annual International Conference of the IEEE, vol., no., pp.4734-4737, 3-7 July 2013.

  42. Mukherjee, B.; George, B.; Sivaprakasam, M., "An efficient capacitive sensing scheme for an ophthalmic regional anesthesia training system," Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2013 Annual International Conference of the IEEE, vol., no., pp.884-897, 3-7 July 2013.

  43. Mithun, S.; George, B.; Jayashankar, V.; Mohanasankar, S., "A new inductive proximity sensor as a guiding tool for removing metal shrapnel during surgery," Instrumentation and Measurements Technology (I2MTC), 2013 IEEE International Conference on , vol., no., pp. 53,57, 6- 9 May. 2013.

  44. Mukherjee, B.; George, B.; Sivaprakasam, M., "An intelligent ophthalmic regional anesthesia training system based on capacitive sensing," Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (I2MTC), 2013 IEEE International , vol., no., pp.889,893, 6-9 May 2013.

  45. Mukherjee, B.; George, B.; Sivaprakasam, M., "A Hall Effect sensor based syringe injection rate detector," Sensing Technology (ICST), 2012 Sixth International Conference on , vol., no., pp.450,453, 18-21 Dec. 2012.

  46. Chandrasekhar, A.; Joseph, J.; Sivaprakasam, M., "A novel magnetic plethysmograph for non-invasive evaluation of arterial compliance," Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2012 34th Annual International Conference of the IEEE, vol., no., pp.1169,1172, 28 Aug.-1 Sept. 2012.

  47. Sahani, A. K.; Joseph, J.; Sivaprakasam, M., "Automated system for imageless evaluation of arterial compliance," Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2012 34th Annual International Conference of the IEEE, vol., no., pp.227,231, 28 Aug.-1 Sept. 2012.

  48. Mukherjee, B.; George, B.; Sivaprakasam, M.; Venkatakrishnan, J., "Eye-POD: A novel simulation platform for regional orbital block training," in 3rd World Congress on Ophthalmic Anesthesia, May 2012.

  49. Mukherjee, B.; George, B.; Sivaprakasam, M.; Jagadeesh Kumar, V.; Venkatakrishnan, J., "A capacitive array sensing based training system for ophthalmic anesthesia," Sensing Technology (ICST), 2011 Fifth International Conference on , vol., no., pp.623,627, Nov. 28 2011-Dec. 1 2011.

PhD and Postdoc work

        Journals and Book chapters

  1. W. Liu, M. Sivaprakasam, P. R. Singh, R. Bashirullah, and G. Wang, “Electronic Visual Prosthesis,” Volume: 27, Pages: 986 -995, Artificial Organs, November 2003. (Invited paper)

  2. M. Sivaprakasam, W. Liu, M. S. Humayun, and J. D. Weiland, “A Variable Range Bi-Phasic Current Stimulus Driver Circuitry for an Implantable Retinal Prosthetic Device,” IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, Volume: 40, Pages: 763 -771, March 2005.

  3. G. A. Kendir, W. Liu, G. Wang, M. Sivaprakasam, R. Bashirullah, M. S. Humayun, and J. D. Weiland, “An Optimal Design Methodology for Inductive Power Link with Class-E Amplifier,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems -I, Volume: 52, Pages: 857 -866, May 2005.

  4. W. Liu, M. Sivaprakasam, G. Wang, M. Zhou, J. Granacki, J. LaCoss, and J. Wills, “Microelectronics Design for Implantable Wireless Biomimetic Microelectronic Systems,” IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, Volume: 24, Pages: 66 -74, September 2005. (Invited paper)

  5. G. Wang, W. Liu, M. Sivaprakasam, and G. A. Kendir, “Design and Analysis of an Adaptive Transcutaneous Power Telemetry for Biomedical Implants,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems -I, Volume: 52, Pages: 2109 -2117, October 2005.

  6. M. Sivaprakasam, W. Liu, G. Wang, J. D. Weiland, and M. S. Humayun, “Architecture Tradeoffs in High Density Microstimulators for Retinal Prosthesis,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems -I (Special Issue on Biomedical Circuits and Systems) Volume: 52, Pages: 2629 -2641, December 2005.

  7. W. Liu and M. Sivaprakasam, “IC Technology Challenges for Implantable Devices,” Future Fab International, Volume: 20, Pages: 17 -19, January 2006. (Invited paper)

  8. K. Cockerham, W. Liu, L. Crow, M. Sivaprakasam, A. Olmos, M. Oehleberg, O. Pantchenko and S. Aro, “The Application of Nano-Technology and Engineering in Medicine: A New Paradigm for Facial Muscle Reanimation,” Expert Review of Medical Devices, Volume: 3, Pages: 371 -381, May 2008. (Invited paper)

  9. M. Chae, W. Liu, and M. Sivaprakasam, “Design Optimization for Integrated Neural Recording Systems,” IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, September 2008.

  10. Conferences

  11. R. Bashirullah, W. Liu, Y. Ji, A. Kendir, M. Sivaprakasam, G. Wang, and B. Pundi, “A Smart Bi-Directional Telemetry Unit for Retinal Prosthetic Device,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Volume: 5, Pages: 5 -8, May 2003.

  12. G. Wang, W. Liu,  R. Bashirullah, M. Sivaprakasam, G. A. Kendir, Y. Ji, M. S. Humayun, and J. D. Weiland, “A Closed Loop Transcutaneous Power Transfer System for Implantable Devices with Enhanced Stability,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Volume: 4, Pages: 17 -20, May 2004.

  13. P. R. Singh, W. Liu, M. Sivaprakasam, M. Humayun, and J. Weiland, “A Matched biphasic Microstimulator for an implantable Retinal Prosthetic device,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Volume: 4, Pages: 1 -5, May 2004.

  14. M. Kazemi, E. Basham, M. Sivaprakasam, G. Wang, D. Rodger, J. Weiland, Y. C. Tai, W. Liu, M. Humayun, “A Test Microchip for Evaluation of Hermetic Packaging Technology for Biomedical Prosthetic Implants,” Proceedings of the International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, Volume: 2, Pages: 4093 -4095, September 2004.

  15. G. Wang, W. Liu, M. Sivaprakasam, J. D. Weiland, and M. S. Humayun, “High Efficiency Wireless Power Transmission with Digitally Configurable Stimulation Voltage for Retinal Prosthesis,” Proceedings of the International IEEE EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering, Pages: 543 -546, March 2005.

  16. M. Sivaprakasam, W. Liu, G. Wang, M. Zhou, J. D. Weiland, and M. S. Humayun, “Architecture Tradeoffs in High Density Microstimulators for Retinal Prosthesis,” Proceedings of the International IEEE EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering, Pages: 466 -469, March 2005.

  17. W. Liu, M. Sivaprakasam, G. Wang, M. Zhou, J. D. Weiland, M. S. Humayun, “Challenges in Realizing a Chronic High Resolution Artificial Sight Device,” U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) International Symposium on Artificial Sight, April 2005. (Invited paper)

  18. E. Basham, W. Liu, and M. Sivaprakasam, “Functional Magnetic Stimulation for and Epiretinal Prosthesis,” Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology Annual Meeting, Abstract B254, May 2005.

  19. W. Liu, M. Sivaprakasam, G. Wang, M. Zhou, J. D. Weiland, and M. S. Humayun, “Microelectronics for an Implantable Epiretinal Prosthesis,” Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology Annual Meeting, Abstract B295, May 2005.

  20. M. Sivaprakasam, W. Liu, M. S. Humayun, and J. D. Weiland, “Power Efficient Multiple Voltage Stimulation for Implantable Retinal Prosthesis,” Proceedings of the 3rd Annual International IEEE EMBS Special Topic Conference on Microtechnologies in Medicine and Biology, Pages: 104 -107, May 2005.

  21. W. Liu, W. Fink, M. Tarbell, and M. Sivaprakasam, “Image Processing Enhanced Electrical Stimulation of the Retina in Visual Prostheses,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Pages: 2927 -2930, May 2005. (Invited paper)

  22. M. Zhou, W. Liu, and M. Sivaprakasam, “A Closed-Form Delay Formula for On-Chip RLC Interconnects in Current-Mode Signaling,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Pages: 1082 -1085, May 2005.

  23. G. Wang, W. Liu, M. Sivaprakasam, M. S. Humayun, and J. D. Weiland, “Power Supply Topologies for Biphasic Stimulation in Inductively Powered Implants,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Pages: 2743 -2746, May 2005.

  24. G. Wang, W. Liu, M. Sivaprakasam, M. Zhou, J. D. Weiland and M. S. Humayun, “A Wireless Phase Shift Keying Transmitter with Q-Independent Phase Transition Time,” Annual International Conference of the IEEE EMBS, September 2005.

  25. M. Sivaprakasam, W. Liu, G. Wang, J. D. Weiland and M. S. Humayun, “A Programmable Discharge Circuitry with Current Limiting Capability for a Retinal Prosthesis,” Annual International Conference of the IEEE EMBS, September 2005.

  26. W. Liu, M. Sivaprakasam, G. Wang, and M. Chae, “A Multi-channel Neural Recording System for Monitoring Shark Behavior,” IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, May 2006.

  27. M. Sivaprakasam, W. Liu, G. Wang, M. Zhou, J. D. Weiland and M. S. Humayun, “Challenges in System and Circuit Design for High Density Retinal Prosthesis,” Proceedings of the IEEE Life Science Systems and Application (LSSA) Workshop, Pages: 28 -29, July 2006. (Invited paper)

  28. M. Sivaprakasam, W. Liu, G. Wang, L. Hoang, J. D. Weiland and M. S. Humayun, “Towards a Modular 32 x 32 Pixel Stimulator for Retinal Prosthesis,” Proceedings of the IEEE Life Science Systems and Application (LSSA) Workshop, July 2006.

  29. G. Wang, W. Liu, M. Sivaprakasam, M. Zhou, J. D. Weiland and M. S. Humayun, “A Dual Band Wireless Power and Data Telemetry for Retinal Prosthesis,” Annual International Conference of the IEEE EMBS, September 2006.

  30. M. Zhou, W. Liu, G. Wang, M. Sivaprakasam, J. D. Weiland and M. S. Humayun, “A Transcutaneous Data Telemetry System Tolerant to Power Telemetry Interference,” Annual International Conference of the IEEE EMBS, September 2006.

  31. M. Chae, W. Liu, G. Wang, and M. Sivaprakasam, “Design Methodology for an Integrated Low Power Neural Recording System,” BMES Annual Fall Meeting, October 2006.

  32. M. Gharib, A. Olmos, M. Oehlberg, M. Sivaprakasam, W. Liu, K. Cockerham, and D. Liepmann, “Development of an Indwelling Microstimulator for Neuromuscular Disease,” 8th Annual UC Systemwide Bioengineering Symposium, June 2007.

  33. M. Oehlberg, M. Sivaprakasam, A. Olmos, D. Alexander, W. Liu, K. Cockerham, and A. Scott, “An Implantable Microsystem for Reanimation of Eyelid Blink,” 8th Annual UC Systemwide Bioengineering Symposium, June 2007.

  34. M. Gharib, A. Olmos, M. Oehlberg, M. Sivaprakasam, D. Liepmann, K. Cockerham, and W. Liu, “Development of an Indwelling Microstimulator for Neuromuscular Disease,” BMES Annual Fall Meeting, September 2007.

  35. M. Chae, W. Liu, and M. Sivaprakasam, “An Integrated Multi-Channel Neural Recording System,” BMES Annual Fall Meeting, September 2007. (Invited Paper)

  36. A. Olmos, M. Oehlberg, M. Gharib, M. Sivaprakasam, K. Cockerham, W. Liu, and D. Liepmann “The Effect of Chronic Denervation on Electrical, Chemical, and Electrochemical Stimulation Efficacy,” BMES Annual Fall Meeting, September 2007.

  37. M. Chae, W. Liu, Z. Yang, T. Chen, J. Kim, M. Sivaprakasam, M. R. Yuce, “A 128-Channel 6mW Wireless Neural Recording IC with On-the-fly Spike Sorting and UWB transmitter,” International Solid State Circuits Conference, February 2008.

  38. M. Chae, K. Chen, W. Liu, M. Sivaprakasam, and J. Kim, “A 4-channel Wearable Wireless Neural Recording System,” IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, May 2008.

  39. J. Kim, M. Chae, M. Sivaprakasam, W. Liu, “An Integrated High Voltage Stimulator for High Density Neural Interfaces,” BMES Annual Meeting, October 2008.

  40. J. D. Weiland, W. Fink, M. S. Humayun, W. Liu, W. Li, M. Sivaprakasam, Y. Tai, M. Tarbell, “Systems Design of a High Resolution Retinal Prosthesis,” IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting, December 2008. (Invited Paper)

  41. M. Sivaprakasam, H. S. Padmaja and V. S. Seshsai, “Cost Effective Cochlear Implants for India,” INAE-ISAAC Conference on Alternative Communication and Assistive Technology for Persons with Disabilities, March 2009.

  42. M. Sivaprakasam and R. Agrawal, “Microelectronic Implants for Restoring Vision in Retinal Blindness,” INAE-ISAAC Conference on Alternative Communication and Assistive Technology for Persons with Disabilities, March 2009.